The Almagest is a 2nd-century Greek-language mathematical and astronomical treatise on the . The second, by G. J. Toomer, Ptolemy’s Almagest in , with a second edition in The third was a partial translation by Bruce M. Perry in . JHA, xviii () ESSAY REVIEW THE ALMA GEST IN TRANSLATION Ptolemy’s Translated and annotated by G. J. Toomer (Duckworth, London, ). Ptolemy’s Almagest. Astronomy – Early works to I. Title II. Toomer. G. J.. . with microfilms of various Greek and Arabic manuscripts of the Almagest.

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He says that he “observed as many tooomer as it was possible to perceive, even to the sixth magnitude”, and that the ecliptic longitudes are for the beginning of the reign of Antoninus Pius AD.

Three translations of the Almagest into English have been published. Commentaries on the Syntaxis were written by Theon of Alexandria extantPappus of Alexandria only fragments surviveand Ammonius Hermiae lost.

Ptolemy’s Almagest Ptolemy Snippet view – My library Help Advanced Book Search. Hipparchus 2nd century BC had crafted mathematical models of the motion of the Sun and Moon. The Syntaxis adopted Hipparchus’ solar model, which consisted of a simple eccentric deferent.

Cyrene Library of Alexandria Platonic Academy. The first, by R.

Retrieved 31 May By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. The Arabic name is important due to the popularity of a Latin re-translation made in the 12th century from an Arabic translation, which would endure tomoer original Greek copies resurfaced in the 15th century. The first translations into Arabic were made in the 9th century, with two separate efforts, one sponsored by the caliph Al-Ma’mun. Apollonius of Perga c.


George’s translation, done toomeer the patronage of Pope Nicholas Vwas intended to supplant the old translation. In the 15th century, a Greek version appeared in Western Europe. This translation, based on the standard Greek text of Heiberg, makes the work accessible to English readers in an intelligible and reliable form. Some were more specialized and thus of less interest; others simply became outdated by the newer models.

Catalog Record: Ptolemy’s Almagest | Hathi Trust Digital Library

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Almagest. Babylonian astronomy Egyptian astronomy. Other classical writers suggested different sequences.

Ptolemy’s authority was preferred by most medieval Islamic and late medieval European astronomers.

What follows is a close paraphrase of Ptolemy’s own words from Toomer’s translation. As with many medieval manuscripts that were handcopied or, particularly, printed in the early years of printing, there were considerable differences between various editions of the same text, as the process of transcription was highly personal. Most of these errors can be almavest by similarities in the symbols used for different numbers. Ptolemy’s comprehensive treatise of mathematical astronomy superseded most older texts of Greek astronomy.


On simultaneous risings of arcs of the ecliptic and equator almagsst sphaera obliqua.

Read, highlight, and take notes, across web, tablet, and phone. It is designed to stand by itself as an interpretation of the original, but it will also be useful as an aid to reading the Greek text.

Catalog Record: Ptolemy’s Almagest | Hathi Trust Digital Library

Timeline of ancient Greek mathematicians. Some errors may be due to atmospheric refraction causing stars that are low in the sky to appear higher than where they really are. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This page was last edited on almaest Novemberat Hipparchus had some knowledge of Mesopotamian astronomyand he felt that Greek models should match those of the Babylonians in accuracy.

Catesby Taliaferro of St.

It is a Latin edition printed in at Venice by Petrus Lichtenstein. It has also been valuable to students of mathematics because it documents the ancient Greek mathematician Hipparchus ‘s work, which has been lost. By this time, the Syntaxis was lost in Western Europe, or only dimly remembered.

For the journal, see Almagest journal.