The book, written in Sanskrit, discusses theories and principles of governing a state. It is not an account of Mauryan administration. The title, Arthashastra, which . Artha Shastra by Acharya Chanakya and Urdu translation by Shan ul Haque Haqi, this is free download PDF copy of historical Urdu book. Arthashastra in Urdu by Shan ul Haque Haqi PDF Book free download. Artha Shastra by Acharya Chanakya and Urdu translation by Shan ul.

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The title, Arthashastra, which signifies “the Science of Material Gain” or “Study of Polity”, does not leave any questions about its finishes.

War is inherently unpredictable. Public policy doctrine Domestic and foreign policy Civil society Public interest. Journal of the American Oriental Society. More recent scholarship arthasastra a more nuanced reception for the text.

Roger Boeschewho relied entirely on the translation by Kangle for his analysis of Arthashastra, [note 6] and who criticized an alternate translation by Rangarajan, [76] has called the Arthashastra as “a great political book of the ancient world”. The same individual is urcu in each case. Kautilya favors peace over war, because he asserts that in most situations, peace urvu more conducive to creation of wealth, prosperity and security of the people.

Reading About the World, Vol. The text is an ancient treatise written in 1st millennium BCE Sanskrit, coded, dense and can be interpreted in many ways, with English and Sanskrit being grammatically and syntactically different languages.

The zrthashastra issues talked about are of the most commonsense kind. We should never forget that the Arthashastra means by the “state” an order of society which is not created by the king or the people, but which they exist to secure.

Kautilya and His ArthashastraLanham: This twofold standard has been referred to as a reason for the outdated nature of the Arthashastra, however, the genuine reason for its definitive disregard, as the Indian student of history Romila Thapar proposes, was the development of an entirely unexpected society to which these techniques no more connected. The school of Usanas asserts, states the text, that there is only one necessary knowledge, the science of government because no other science can start or survive without it.


The text has been translated and interpreted by Shamashastry, Kangle, Trautmann and many others. The spies should be trained to adopt roles and guises, to use coded language to transmit information, and be rewarded by their performance and the results they achieve, states the text.

Arthashastra in Urdu by Shan ul Haque Haqi PDF Book

When ufdu degree of progress is the artashastra in pursuing peace and waging war, peace is to be preferred. Out of fear for his own destruction, he should avoid unripe ones, which give rise to revolts.

Femme fatale as a secret agent To undermine a ruling oligarchy, make arthashastea of the [enemy’s] ruling council infatuated with women possessed of great beauty and youth. Arthashastra states that forests be protected and recommends that the state treasury be used to feed animals such as horses arthasbastra elephants that are too old for work, sick or injured.

The text advocates “land reform”, states Brians, where land is taken from landowners and farmers who own land but do not grow anything for a long time, and given to poorer farmers who want to grow crops but do not own any land. The text dedicates Book 3 and 4 to economic laws, and a court system to oversee and resolve economic, contracts and market-related disputes. Ayurveda Dhanurveda Natya Shastra Sthapatyaveda.

It is power and power alone which, only when exercised by the king with impartiality and in proportion to guilt either over his son or his enemy, maintains both this world and the next.

Arthashastra in Urdu by Shan ul Haque Haqi PDF Book

Kautilya and His Arthashastra. He shall also provide subsistence to helpless women when they are carrying and also to the children they give birth to”. It was rediscovered in by R. Shamasastrywho published it in Public administration Bureaucracy street-level Adhocracy. More recent scholarship has disagreed ni the characterization of Arthashastra as “Machiavellianism”. Retrieved 18 October The chapter 2 of Book 3 of Arthashastra legally recognizes eight types of marriage.



Separation of powers Legislature Executive Judiciary Election commission. Kautilya, after describing the conflicting views on how to select officials, asserts that a king should select his Amatyah ministers arthashastraa high officials based on the capacity to perform that they have shown in their past work, the character and their values that is accordance with the role.

When everything fails, resort to military force.

Arthashastra in Urdu by Acharya Chanakya/Shan ul Haque Haqi

The text was considered lost by colonial era scholars, until a manuscript was discovered arthashsstra However, adds Trautmann, this does not mean that Kautilya was advocating a capitalistic free market economy. Policy Public policy doctrine Domestic and foreign policy Civil society Public interest. RichardsCambridge University Press, pp. When passion is roused in them, they should start quarrels arthashastrz creating belief about their love in one and by going to another.

Arthadhastra scriptures Bhagavad Gita Agamas. The best king is the Raja- rishithe sage king. Political science political scientists. Kautilya, in the Arthashastra, suggests that the state must always be adequately fortified, its armed forces prepared and resourced to defend itself against acts of war. Selections in Translationed.

There is no doubt, states Olivelle, that “revisions, errors, additions and perhaps even artgashastra have occurred” in Arthashastra since its final redaction in CE or earlier.

Views Read Edit View history. The Arthashastra dedicates Book 7 and 10 to war, and considers numerous scenarios and reasons for war. The Journal of Military History. Kumud Mookerji states that the text may be a picture of actual conditions in Kautilya’s times.