Sialadenitis is bacterial infection of a salivary gland, usually due to an obstructing stone or gland hyposecretion. Symptoms are swelling, pain, redness, and. Sialadenitis (sialoadenitis) is inflammation of salivary glands, usually the major ones, the most Causes of sialadenitis are varied, including bacterial (most commonly Staphylococcus Aureus), viral and autoimmune conditions. Antibiotics should be given if bacterial sialadenitis is suspected, with choice of empirical antibiotics based upon local guidelines. Patients are advised to have.

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Periapical, mandibular and maxillary hard tissues — Bones of jaws Agnathia Alveolar osteitis Buccal exostosis Cherubism Idiopathic osteosclerosis Mandibular fracture Microgenia Micrognathia Intraosseous cysts Odontogenic: Teeth pulpdentinenamel.

Rarely, acute suppurative sialadenitis can lead to abscess formation; surgical drainage is indicated in these cases. A CT scan may be requested if there are any suspicion of deep neck space abscess or malignancy.

Sialadenitis – Wikipedia

Benign and malignant tumors can occur in the salivary glands and usually present as a painless solitary neck mass. Mumps Mumps parotitis is caused by the mumps virus, a bcaterial contagious virus transmitted by respiratory droplets or direct contact.

Views Read Edit View history. Sialadenitits is swelling and inflammation of the parotidsubmandibularor sublingua l major salivary glands. Workup should focus on identifying a predisposing factor, such as a calculus or stricture.


[Bacterial sialadenitis].

Mumps parotitis is caused by the mumps virus, a highly contagious virus transmitted by respiratory droplets or direct contact. Sialadenitis is most common among elderly adults with salivary gland stones, calcified structures that can form inside a salivary gland and block the flow of saliva into the mouth.

Infectious causes may result in a purulent discharge from the duct, alongside any additional symptoms from any potential abscess formation.

Your feedback has been submitted successfully. It can be an acute suddenchronic long termor recurrent condition.


Updated S2K AWMF sialadenittis for the diagnosis and follow-up of obstructive sialadenitis – relevance for radiologic imaging. Nasopalatine duct Median mandibular Median palatal Traumatic bone Osteoma Osteomyelitis Osteonecrosis Bisphosphonate-associated Neuralgia-inducing cavitational osteonecrosis Osteoradionecrosis Osteoporotic bone marrow defect Paget’s disease of bone Periapical abscess Phoenix abscess Periapical periodontitis Stafne defect Torus mandibularis. This can be a result of obstruction of salivary ducts by microliths due to associated intercurrent infectionsor a result of immune reaction with the formation of secondary lymph follicles.

Chronic sialadenitis is characterized by repeated episodes of pain and inflammation caused by decreased salivary flow and salivary stasis.

Parotid glands in front of the ear in the cheeks Submandibular glands under the chin Sublingual glands under the tongue Sialadenitis mostly affects the parotid and submandibular glands. Chronic sclerosing sialadenitis is typically unilateral and may mimic a tumor. Clinical history; examination and imaging findings are usually normal; parotid gland may be swollen.


Sialoendoscopy in the diagnosis and management of obstructive sialadenitis. Management is directed at relieving the obstruction. For any urgent enquiries please contact our customer services team who are ready to help with any problems. Recurrent parotitis of childhood.

Sialadenitis – Symptoms, diagnosis and treatment | BMJ Best Practice

Children typically present with recurrent episodes of acute or subacute parotid gland swelling with fever, malaise, and pain Figure 3. The use of certain medications, especially those with anticholinergic properties, can also reduce salivary flow.

Patient leaflets Measles, mumps, and rubella: Antibiotics, gland massage, hydration, sialendoscopy.

Human bacteriak virus—associated salivary gland disease involves diffuse cystic enlargement of the major glands. Chronic inflammation or benign neoplasm. Temporomandibular jointsmuscles of mastication and malocclusions — Jaw joints, chewing muscles and bite abnormalities Bruxism Condylar resorption Mandibular dislocation Malocclusion Crossbite Open bite Overbite Overeruption Overjet Prognathia Retrognathia Bacetrial bite Maxillary hypoplasia Temporomandibular joint dysfunction.

Viral pathogens more commonly cause sialadenitis in comparison to bacterial pathogens. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

Pain, swelling associated with eating. Update on Latent Tuberculosis Infection. Causes of sialadenitis are varied, including bacterial most commonly Staphylococcus Aureusviral and autoimmune conditions.