Calliandra houstoniana var. calothyrsus (Meisn.) Barneby Anneslia confusa ( Sprague & Riley) Britton & Rose Calliandra similis Sprague & Riley Anneslia similis. BOTANIC DESCRIPTION. Calliandra calothyrsus is a small, thornless, often multistemmed shrub. Under optimum conditions it can attain a height of 12 m and a. Common Name: Red Calliandra. Calliandra calothyrsus. Often grown as a fuelwood crop and as an ornamental, it has escaped from cultivation and invaded .

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Calliandra Calliandra calothyrsusaerial part, fresh. Callianddra, the relatively high level of tannins present in its leaves slows the rate of microbial breakdown of the organic matter[ ].

Tropical Animal Health and Production31 Reference used in the text above Ahn, J. However, the high tannin content of the leaves reduces the microbial breakdown of organic matter in the soil Palmer et al. Factors affecting bioethanol production from lignocellulosic biomass Calliandra calothyrsus.

Once mycorrhizal infection is effective, calliandra may grow to a height of 3. Thus the use of calliandra is not recommended in broiler feeds.

Not very drought tolerant, but can withstand dry periods, particularly in riverine environments, or where a perched watertable is present.

In mountainous areas of Indonesia, calliandra could be aerially seeded, making possible the afforestation of inaccessible areas Palmer calothyrsua al.

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Reference 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 10 10 6 Sample leaves green calothyrsu seeds stem. It is native to the tropics of Central America where its typical habitat is wet tropical forests or seasonally dry forests with a dry season of four to seven months, caliandra it may become deciduous.


Manual control of mature plants can be difficult as it rapidly resprouts. Calkiandra calothyrsus can flower within one year of planting. Calliandra calothyrsus is shrub or a small tree m highwith a trunk diameter of up to 30 cm, with white to red brown bark and a dense canopy.

The rootstock is very vigorous and will resprout readily when coppiced[ ]. The flowers are purlish red flowers and mature over months.

Scientific name

The inflorescence, borne at the apex, is a showy spike-like raceme cm in length. Because of these features, it has been planted in other parts of the tropics, but care has to be taken that it does not become an invasive species.

Views Read Edit View history. Calliandra calothyrsus can be harvested during 10 to 20 years. One hectare of calliandra can produce 14 tons of charcoal per year. It can be controlled by suitable herbicides. To leave a comment please Callothyrsus or login here All comments need to be approved so will not appear immediately.

Generally used to improve the utilisation of low quality grasses or as a replacement for concentrate feeds. Calliandra has a high concentration of condensed tannins and subsequently low digestibility of nitrogen Ahn et al. Nutritional value The digestibility of fibre and protein of calliandra tend to be lower than that of comparable shrubs such as leucaena Hove et al.


Quality assessment of tropical browse legumes: World Rabbit Science, 6 It produces high quality fuelwood which can be harvested on an annual coppice rotation.

Used as a pollen source for honey production and a host for the lac insect Laccifer lacca for calothygsus production. Unlike leucaena, calliandra is resistant to the psyllid and may replace it where the infection occurs Orwa et al.

Calliandra calothyrsus – Useful Tropical Plants

Survival and herbage yield of six nitrogen-fixing trees intercropped with taro in Western Samoa. The leaves divided into many straight leaftes and can get up to 20 cm long and 15 cm wide, which folds againts the valliandra at night. The bark is very variable in colour, from white to red brown or blackish brown Orwa et al. Proceedings of the International Workshop on the Genus Calliandra. Plants will die of oxygen starvation within two weeks if the soil is waterlogged[ ].

Composition and degradability of different fractions of Calliandra leaves, pods and seeds. Recent work on the production and utilization of tree fodder in East Africa. Fodder trees for improving livestock productivity and smallholder livelihoods in Africa.