componential analysis of meaning as it is considered to be an important . have defended a componential approach to semantics within a philosophical and. Componential analysis is a way proposed by the structural of a word can be dissected into meaning components, called semantic features. componential analysis. a method of semantic analysis. modelled on phonology. isolating the smallest units. phonology: the phoneme (or phonetic feature).

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Componential analysis

Log In Sign Up. Listing all the specific kinds of referents for each of the meanings belonging to the domain in question.

Componential Analysis of Meaning: Hierarchical relationships among the significata of words and expressions semsntics obvious enough to speakers of English in an English example, but they appear to be characteristic of at least large portions of vocabulary in all languages. The matrix of kinship terms Jackson, Sematics word or lexeme presents a complex semantic structure.

The word competence is used in the analydis of linguistics, education dan psychology, and they define and use it in different ways and contexts. At the same time an inferential component may be explicitly stated, e.

It is of more doubtful value in describing the meanings of more abstract lexemes, not least because we lack an adequate metalanguage. This observation enables us to expand the data of analysis; e.

But the application of rigorous method in this area began only after World War ii, inspired by the methodology of structural linguistics and developed and utilized by anthropologists trained in this discipline Goodenough Some linguists also believe that componential analysis account naturally for overlaps, since one can point to components which are apparently shared by overlapping words.

Burling, Robbins Cognition and Componential Analysis. Wallace and Atkins were concerned with how far the results of such analysis reflected the actual cognitive organization of phenomena in the minds of the people being studied. In Conklin published the conclusions of a similar analysis of Hanunoo color categories.

Componential analysis – Wikipedia

In some special situations one may even be able to list all the referents. As a consequence, entirely different ways to describe meaning were developed, such as prototype semantics. Describing the diagnostic features systematically. If elicitation of usage is carefully conducted and if the results of such a procedure are carefully checked against spontaneous utterances, there is every reason to believe that the results of using the four basic processes of naming, paraphrasing, defining, and classifying can be essentially accurate Nida, The same is true for the meanings of words.


To say that the sky is cloudy is to designate a class or type of meteorological condition, to denote a specific image of such condition, to signify the definitive attributes of the class, and to connote such things as chill and rain.

Any kin relationship, no matter how remote, can be denoted by one of the terms given. Variable 1 partitions the entire universe of kinship, being applicable to all of the terms, and is the only variable that is so applicable.

Analysis has shown that the several expressions within a domain can be sorted into sets so that all the expressions in a set have mutually exclusive denotata at a given hierarchical level and differ from one another with respect to one or several dimensions of discrimination such as the several dimensions used to discriminate uncle from nephew, aunt, etc. A lexeme can be analyzed and described in terms of its semantic components, which help to define different lexical relations, grammatical and syntactic processes.

Some words are also culture-bound, which means the meaning distinctions that are relevant to one culture may not fit another culture at all. There may be no absolute feature which marks the difference but by only a relative contrast.


An intensional definition might be as follows: Since the meaning of a lexeme involves a number of perpectives, knowledge on the dimensions of meanings and metalanguage is very essential to make this analysis work. Help Center Find new research papers in: The meanings of the individual items can then be expressed by combinations of these features: The meaning of even in contexts such as even john kissed Marry, John even kissed Marry, and John kissed even Marry is analgsis to some extent by only, e.

CA is particularly applicable to distinguishing the meanings of lexemes that compobential semantically related or in the same semantic domain. Some terminological systems in the domain of kinship contain fifty or more terms and a dozen or more discriminant variables. American Anthropologist New Series 67, no.


The first ethnographic use of the method illustrated the categorization of kinship relations in Truk Goodenough Adapted from Sahlins Componential analysis has been directed primarily at systematically contrasting the sets of denotata of the several expressions within single domains or subdomains. Since variable 1 generation distance ranks highest in the structure, it is in the extreme left-hand column.

Analysis in terms of components, when the total meaning of a lexeme is seen in terms of a number of distinct elements or components of meanings, is not sufficient but can help to define the meaning of a lexeme formed by a number of semantic signs. On the contrary, implicational components remain associated with a meaning, even when other components are negativized by the context.

Contributions to the Study of Meaning. Ssemantics refers to the relation of inclusion of meaning, e. Print this article Print all cmponential for this topic Cite this article. This is the central component which is shared by all the lexemes in the same semantic domain or lexical field.

Toss and hurl may be regarded as types of throwing, but the major difference is one of intensity, and accordingly one must reckon with a continuum on which there is no fixed boundary between the two. Learn more about citation styles Citation styles Encyclopedia. One must proceed feature by feature to determine those components which do make distinctions, and ultimately the features of sex, semantica, and lineality, and consanguinity vs.

Componential Analysis

Southwestern Journal of Anthropology Structural semantics and CA were patterned on the phonological methods of the Componehtial School, which described sounds by determining the absence and presence of features Jackson, Some terms which primarily differ only in the degree of intensity.

Words and Their Meaning. The matrix of variables and kinship terms resulting from this analysis is shown in Table 6.