Born on 12 January in Lugo in what is now Italy, Gregorio Ricci-Curbastro was a mathematician best known as the inventor of tensor. According to our current on-line database, Gregorio Ricci-Curbastro has 1 student and descendants. We welcome any additional information. If you have. Gregorio Ricci-Curbastro Source for information on Gregorio Ricci- Curbastro: Science and Its Times: Understanding the Social Significance of.

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Each had a considerable debt of gratitude towards the other: At the heart of Einstein’s general theory of relativity, a jewel among the most gleaming in twentieth century science, lies the work of an Italian mathematician, Gregorio Ricci Curbastro. That famous theory that represents the perfect balance between the physics genius of Einstein and the power, synthesis, and elegance of mathematics created by Ricci Curbastro.

Gregorio Ricci-Curbastro – Wikipedia

In the twenties, the success of the general relativity theory offered the tensor calculus theory – until then, considered so complicated as to be superfluous curbastrl a chance to avenge itself and its creator. However, while the world turned Einstein into a sort of superstar, Ricci Curbastro persevered in the privacy of a lifetime, keeping away from the limelight.

Both he and his brother, Domenico were, before entering university, schooled privately at home by teachers who led them through a targeted and detailed course of instruction.

At sixteen, Gregorio begins philosophical mathematical studies at the University of Rome. Called back to Lugo by his father inafter Rome became the capital of Italy, in he enrolled at the University of Bologna, attending for two-years, and then transferred to the Normale University of Pisa, which was already a very important center for mathematical research at the time.


Here, Ricci Curbastro met Enrico Betti and Ulisse Dini, attending conferences and learning more on the mathematical developments of curbastgo era, which were crucial to his research and direction. In fact, already inhe was awarded his first doctorate thanks to research he carried out on linear differential equations.

Mathematics Genealogy Project

After graduation, he won a scholarship to study at the Technische Hochschule in Munich. There he met Felix Klein president and Alexander von Brill. Ricci Curbastro participated in their conferences and won both their respect. The latter gave Ricci Curbastro the input for an in-depth study on “Riemannian” geometry. When he returned to Pisa, he worked as special assistant to Ulisse Dini, his professor. Inhe became visiting professor of mathematics at the University of Padua.

He created the Absolute Differential Calculus and immediately realized the importance that his work could have on mathematical physics and on the theory of elasticity and the theory of heat.

This was work that was worthy of awards and that allowed him, with good reason, to compete twice for the Premio Reale di Matematica Mathematics Awardbut unfortunately curbasteo success, probably because he still had not seen, at that time, the real-world applications for these mathematical models.

Despite the lack of recognition, Ricci Curbastro continued his studies, and attracted the attention of other young mathematicians who quickly found themselves in full collaboration with him, including Tullio Levi Civita, who then became his valuable collaborator, with a strong intuition.

Gregorio Ricci-Curbastro biography

Within a few years from then, the two mathematicians published together. It was the yearin the “Mathematische Annalen”, and the article was: Albert Einstein was at an “impasse” ricci developing the theory of general relativity, due to several equations that could not adhere to the space-time theory. In essence, curbasyro was related to understanding the possibility of creating a differential calculus on a non-Euclidean space-time structure.


Einstein did not know that this type of calculation had already been initiated by Gregorio Ricci Curbastro and further developed grdgorio Levi Civita in Italy. So much so that Einstein wrote to his friend and mathematician, Marcel Grossmann: When Einstein completed the “construction” of his famous theory, he stated in a paper: This is a triumph in the methods of general differential calculus.

Here, at his childhood home, a commemorative plaque is affixed that reads: Ricci Curbastro received many honors for his contributions, although you could say that the importance of his work was not fully understood by the Italian mathematical community during the time he developed, but only later, especially thanks to the application of his methods by Einstein.

He was honored with admission to various Academies, including the Gregorioo Veneto di Scienze, Lettere ed Arti Venetian Institute of Arts and Sciencesof which he became president in He was also deputy mayor of Padua, having refused the post as Mayor. Colonel Riccardo Ricci Curbastro. Gian Gualberto Ricci Curbastro. Mother Margherita Ricci Curbastro. The shield of Captain Francesco Bernardo. Telegramma di Garibaldi a Lorenzo Ricci Curbastro.