Inventor: Plauson Hermann; Original Assignee: Plauson Hermann; Priority date H PLAUSON CONVERSION OF’ATMOSPHE’R IC ELECTRIC ENERGY v. Conversion of atmospheric electric energy. United States Patent Inventors: Hermann, Plauson. Application Number: USA. Publication Date. Hermann Plauson was an Estonian engineer and inventor. Plauson investigated the production of energy and power via atmospheric electricity. Biography.
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A cable L is carried well insulated through the cover of a vessel and ends in a condenser disc 5. By the use of high voltage static electricity this method of producing undamped oscillations as compared with that through spark gaps must be regarded as an ideal solution particularly for small installations of outputs of from 1 to kw.
A second important factor in this way of converting static atmospheric electricity into undamped oscillations is that care must be taken hat the grid and anode voltages have a certain relation to one another; the latter may be obtained by altering the coupling and a suitable selection of the self-induction in the grid circuit, or as shown by dotted lines 16, 17, 18 by means of a larger or smaller number of condensers of suitable size connected in series; in this case the battery B 1 may pllauson omitted.
Try this natural mold killer instead! Diagram 8 shows a unipolar connection of the motor with the aerial network. The whole voltage energy in the aerial is thereby however increased. Several such towers are erected at equal distances apart and connected with a horizontal conductor.
In Figures 24 hermxnn 25 two different diagrams of connections are more exactly illustrated, Figure 24 shows a collecting balloon and the diagram of the connections to earth. Now if we dispense with the ordinary ideas in forming light or flame arcs in which a cathode hetmann always stand directly hermmann an anode, charged hermnn a high potential or another body freely floating in the air, or regard the incandescent cathode only as a source of unipolar discharge which represent group and point discharges in electrostatic machines similar to unipolar dischargesit may be ascertained that incandescent cathodes and less perfectly all incandescent radiators, flames and the like admit of relatively large current densities and allow large quantities of electric energy to radiate into the open space in the form of electron streams as transmitters.
The balloon, when ppauson airtight, is filled hermahn hydrogen or better, with helium. In Figures 26 and 28 a form of construction is shown on the basis of which the further foundations of the method will be more particularly explained. In the lower part of the tower a wood or glass house for the large condenser batteries or for the motors may be constructed.
Without this second spark gap, arranged in parallel having a higher resistance than the working spark gap it is impossible to collect and render available large quantities of electrical energy.
Opposite the disc 5 another disc 6 and on this again a positive pile of the vacuum tube g with the incandescent cathode oxide electrode N is arranged. He proposes the erection of towers to be in the neighborhood of 1, feet high, or about the height of the Eiffel Tower.
The spark gap casing must also be insulated and be of sufficient strength to be able to resist any pressure which may arise. The static electricity is converted through a spark gap into dynamic energy of a high number of oscillations and may in such form be coupled as a source of energy b y means of a suitable method f connecting, various precautions being observed and with special regulations.
There the conductor is divided, one branch passing over 12 and the safety spark gap 8 to the earth at E 1the other over inductive resistance J and working spark gap 7 to the earth at E 2. The arrangement in the diagrams hitherto described was always such that the condenser batteries were connected with both poles directly to the aerial’conductors.
In this case the winding preferably consists of several thin parallel wires, which make up together, the necessary section. The author strongly advocates balloons as collectors of the electric power of the air. Thus an arc light incandescent cathode may be placed below on the open ground and an incandescent cathode which is heated by special electromagnetic currents be located high in the air.
In similar manner this collector conductor will react on earth current more particularly when they are near the surface of the earth or even embedded in the earth.
Plauson also invented a sort of electrostatic rotary transformer which gives alternating current without the use yermann condensers and transformers. On the other hand the number of ions passing through the grid is dependent on the voltage between the grid and the cathode.
Two of these batteries 16 and 18 are made as plate condensers and prolonged by regulating induction coils or spirals 17 and 19 while the two others 21 and 23 plaudon induction condensers.
The oscillation circuit here runs starting from the point x over condenser 5, variable inductance 9, spark gap 7, and the two segments 3a and 4a forming arms of a Wheatstone bridge, back to x, If the motor is connected by brushes 3 and 4 transversely to the two arms of the bridge as shown in the drawings, electromagnetic oscillations of equal sign are induced in the stator surfaces 1 and 2 and the motor does not revolve.
The above-mentioned diagram is only shown for illustrating the fundamental principle. Now when through the aerial A the positive atmospheric electricity seeks to combine with the negative charge to earth, this is prevented by the air gap between the spark gaps. Now if we dispense with the ordinary ideas in forming light or flame arcs in which a cathode must always stand directly opposite an anode, charged to a high potential or another body freely floating in the air, or regard the incandescent cathode only as a source of unipolar discharge which represent group and point discharges in electrostatic machines similar to unipolar dischargesit may be ascertained that incandescent cathodes and less perfectly all incandescent radiators, flames and the like admit of relatively large current densities and allow large quantities of electric energy to radiate into the open space in the form of electron streams as transmitters.
The free poles of the inductionless condensers are indicated by 17 and 19, those of the induction condensers by 22 and In practice of course not two poles but as many poles as possible would be employed because thereby the number of alternations would e considerably increased. As the ends of this conductor are short-circuited through the regulatable condenser 19 these rhythms produce short-circuited undamped oscillations in the energy conductor, the periodicity and wave lengths of which oscillations can be adjusted according to desire by altering the capacity 19 to a given wavelength and therewith also to a given frequency.
The winding may be made of primary and secondary windings in the form of a transformer. Insider there are eight strong vertical ribs of T-shaped section about 10 to 20 mm in height and about 3 mm in thickness with the projecting part directed inwards indicated by a, b, c, d and so forth ; they are riveted together to form a firm skeleton and are stiffened in a horizontal direction by two cross ribs.
It has also been found that the useful action of such condensers can be further increased if an induction coil be connected as inductive resistance to the unconnected pole of the condenser, or still better if the condenser itself be made as an induction condenser. In the first place he describes the balloon as made of thin metallic leaf supported by internal ribs. So long therefore, as the resistance of volta e be inorease’d by any influences so ,that it might. If electric oscillations are produced below on the ground by means of a carbon arc lamp or in other suitable way a considerably greater electric resistance is opposed to that in the direct way by inserting an electrical inductive resistance 9.
Category: Hermann H. Plauson
As an alternating field is present, the negative ions surrounding the collectors surfaces, when discharge of the collector surfaces takes place produce by the law of induction, an induction of reversed sign on the collector surface and so forth that is to say again a positive charge.
As may be seen from the drawings each of the four condenser batteries 16, 18, 21 and 23 is connected by only one pole to the aerial or to the paluson conductor. The coils may also be divided spirally over the entire section. Figure 30 only shows the difference that instead of a round balloon a cigar-shaped one of metal or metalized fabric may be employed and also a condenser 5 is inserted between the incandescent cathode and the earth conductor so that a short circuited oscillation circuit over P.
Conversion of atmospheric electric energy – Hermann, Plauson
Instead ofusingheavy metallic netting collectors attached to single-air b’alloons of proposed to use metallic balloon collectors which have the following important advantages i.
The method of working these diagrams is as follows:. Between these pairs of short-circuited condensers are caused to rotate from which the converted current can be taken by means of two collector rings and brushes, in ppauson form of an alternating current, the frequency of which is dependent on the number of balloons and the revolutions of the rotor.
It is well known that large wireless stations in the summer months, and also in the tropics are very frequently unable to receive the signals in consequence of interruptions which are caused by atmospheric electricity, and this takes place with vertical coils of only 40 to meters diameter. The winding may be made of primary and secondary windings in the form of a transformer. I I scribed, are arranged in order to produce-a conductoraClllOIl.
As in such collectors only small bodies can be brought to incandescence in large installations a plurality of pluson vacuum tubes must be inserted in proximity to one another. Thus is the grid voltage undergoes periodic fluctuations as in the present case the amount of the cathode drop at the grid plausonn and consequently the internal resistance of the tube correspondingly fluctuates, so that when a back coupling of the feed circuit with the grid plwuson takes place, the necessary means are afforded for producing undamped oscillations and of taking plausoj, according to requirements from hetmann collecting conductor.
Figure 1 illustrates a simple diagram for converting hefmann electricity into dynamic power of a high number of oscillations. By this means however, the capacity of the entire system is reduced to a minimum and a change of current will also result in the main 9. It is also preferable to employ pressure. The motor is directly metallically connected with the oscillation circuit. The bundle can then be removed and the acid washed off with water.