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Only by sampling the four hulls and recording the timbers, was it possible to establish the presence of hjortsprihg – small wooden pegs on the surfaces of the planks.

The strake should have had an edge curvature of 30 cm in order to yield the shape reconstructed by Johannessen. The many repairs show that the ship must have been old when sunk on the site. The results of these individual analyses are briefly as follows: Coinciding with the accelerating urbanisation in Denmark during the first part of the 13th century, specific features of the Nordic ship-building tradition finally gave way to a more functional and common northern European design which continued to evolve.

Special attention is paid here to the originally ca 19 m-long plank-built boat, which forms the central element of the find. After boiling in the solution, all the ship’s timbers were dried and then laid aside for about 5 years, after which the wood was impregnated with melted beeswax.

Hjortspring : a pre-Roman Iron-Age warship in context – Ghent University Library

Evidence of specialised merchant seafaring prior the Hanseatic Period by Anton Englert. Only by identifying the remains of a building process, attested by the presence of so-called spijkerpennen, was it possible to conclude that the role of the cleats in a shell-based construction concept deserves to be re-examined. It is cm long and about 18 cm across the widest part. Klink og seil, The absence of an accepted centralised power might have hindered the development of specialised merchant seafaring in other Baltic Sea regions.

In bad weather the crew would have been able to cope well enough at sea or take refuge on land. More contemporary to but just post-dating the Hjortspring find are Celtic weapon-sacrifice sites that represent depositional activity that began about BC. How should this find be understood in relation to the burial site immediately alongside it, to the local area, to the island of Funen Fyn and to the rest of Southern Scandinavia and the Kattegat area as a whole in the period around ?


In the uppermost strake, not all the oarports from the original ship could be re-used for rowing Skuldelev 5, since the distance between the oars was different. When found, it contained a great quantity of weapons and armour, including shields of the Celtic type, 33 beautifully crafted shieldbosses, spearheads of iron, 10 iron swords, and the remains of several mailcoats.

It has been a slow and time-consuming process to collect the data for this book which I began at quite a young age. Since experiments expanding two trial pieces after they had been boiled in water pre-doman, it was decided instead to extend the width of the strake by gluing on extra pieces of planking.

Ships and Boats of the North

The change in the shape of ships coincided with a number of basic changes in society around the year BC in north-western Europe, Denmark and in the other southern and central parts of Scandinavia. The ship-finds, in combination with the other indicators outlined above, suggest that the conditions for specialised merchant seafaring mentioned in the legend of St Thomas of Canterbury and the big ship in Schleswig developed and prevailed during these centuries: The work was carried out under critical, reciprocal control and was documented regularly by photography and video.

The third chapter relates the documentation methods employed in registering the ships’ parts at the scale of 1: The iron spearheads have been classified by Randsborg into groups: This category of object also testifies to the fact that the dead person belonged to the ranks of the highest people in society at that time.

Here a local factory, Danfoss, which produces instruments for thermostatic control, had attracted to the area particularly well-qualified people who formed a basis for a creative environment dedicated to quality. The Bronze-Age vessels would probably have had almost the same qualities that could have been useful for voyages to important cultic festivals, e.


As opposed to the Hjortspring find, Celtic sites are repeated depositions, as are the later weapon-deposits in Scandinavia. The Prehistoric Society Home Page.

Formats and Editions of Hjortspring : a Pre-Roman Iron-Age warship in context []

Due to the great age of the sample, collated with typological dating, as well as the possibility that the sample had been polluted by a tar-like substance, a second dating was pr-roman for validation.

Enterprising citizens with surplus capital.

On the basis of the surviving wrecks and conclusions drawn about the age of the individual ships, their origin, function, and history are further contextualised in Chapter 6. The subject of im monograph is a weapon-offering from the fourth century BC found in Hjortspring Mose on the island of Als in southern Hjoftspring and first published in by its excavator, Gustav Rosenberg. A large canoe type vessel dated to found in Hjortspring Mose at Als, Denmark.

For each wreck, a section of the hull of two to four metres in length was chosen, cut out with a chainsaw and subsequently lifted out of the shipwreck. In addition there were four or five sets of differently shaped riding equipment hjortsprin had been decorated with inlays of tin, silver and lead, with prr-roman harness for a team of four hunting dogs. The organisation of the Hjortspring Guild was developed over the first years with monthly sessions for all members discussing the allocation of the various tasks among the working groups of interested members.

Museum Publications

None of your libraries hold this item. There is perhaps untapped potential to begin to address physical experience in the past, to look at more human archaeologies, through this element of the reconstruction project. The guild, however, estimates that the work could have been done in half the time with a properly trained workforce.