ISO/IEC – Information technology – Generic coding of moving pictures and associated audio information – Part 2: Video. Amendment 2 to International Standard ISO/IEC was prepared by. Joint Technical Committee ISO/IEC JTC 1, Information technology, Sub-. ISO/IEC. Third edition. Information technology — Generic coding of moving pictures and associated audio information —. Part 2: Video.

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The offset is encoded as a “motion vector. Iiso, one corner of the quantized matrix is filled with zeros. Information technology – Generic coding of moving pictures and associated audio information: Reference Software Part 5: Digital Item Part 5: Also, because of the way the jso works, it is possible to delete some data from video pictures with almost no noticeable degradation in image quality.

Typically, every 15th frame or so is made into an I-frame.

H/MPEG-2 Part 2 – Wikipedia

See Compression methods for methods and Compression software for codecs. Video compression is practical because the data in pictures is often redundant in space and time. TV cameras used in broadcasting usually generate 50 pictures a second in Europe or From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Streaming text format Part To allow such applications to support only subsets of it, the standard defines profiles and levels.

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Another common practice to reduce the amount of data to be processed is to subsample the two chroma planes after low-pass filtering to avoid aliasing.

Annex E Note that not all profile and level combinations are permissible, and scalable modes modify the level restrictions.

As a result, B-frames usually provide more compression than P-frames. Retrieved 1 November For many applications, it is unrealistic and too expensive to support the entire standard. High Efficiency Image File Format. While the above generally describes MPEG-2 video compression, there are many details that are not discussed including details involving fields, chrominance formats, responses to scene changes, special codes that label the parts of the bitstream, and other 13818–2 of information.

Unlike P-frames and B-frames, I-frames is not depend on data in the preceding or the following frames. Retrieved from ” https: In the receiver or the player, the whole process is reversed, enabling the receiver to reconstruct, to a close approximation, the original frame.

Unified Speech and Audio Coding. The penalty of this step is the loss of some subtle distinctions in brightness and color.

Systems Program stream Part 2: Thus, each digitized picture is initially represented by three rectangular arrays of numbers. This page was last edited on 20 Novemberat This works because the human visual system better resolves details of brightness than details in the hue and saturation of colors. Views Read Edit View history. 1381-82 describe the brightness and the color of the pixel see YCbCr.

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In it was extended by two amendments to include the Registration of Copyright Identifiers and the 4: Retrieved 13 August A MPEG ixo then specifies the capabilities in terms of profile and level.

A main stream can be recreated losslessly. The level limits the memory and processing power needed, defining maximum bit rates, frame sizes, and frame rates.

H.262/MPEG-2 Part 2

Transport and Storage of 1381-82 Information Part 2: Many of the coefficients, usually the higher frequency components, will then be zero.

MPEG-2 includes three basic types of coded frames: The frame being compressed is divided into 16 pixel by 16 pixel macroblocks.

Briefly, the raw frame is divided into 8 pixel by 8 pixel blocks. If one applies the inverse transform to the matrix after it is quantized, one gets an image that looks very similar to the original image but that is not quite as nuanced.