The author of this book has been working in different types of karren landscapes for more than fifteen years. The book summarizes the scientific results of syst-. Karren: cave: Pavement karst: These are collectively known as karren. Karren include solutionally widened joints (kluftkarren, or cleftkarren), small runnels. Karst is a term used to describe landscapes that are formed by chemical weathering process . Karren: small hollow that forms on the surface of a limestone clint.

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Alpine Karst

Ford, The Canadian Encyclopedias. Pabel-Moewig Verlagp.

Retrieved from ” https: Limestone is a type of carbonate rock — that is, a rock made up primarily of a carbonate mineral which, in the case of limestone, is usually calcite or aragonite.

Calcium carbonate dissolved into water may precipitate out where the water discharges some of its dissolved carbon dioxide. If this underground drainage system does form, it will speed up the development of karst formations there because more water will be able to flow through the region, giving it more erosive power.

Carbonic acid is formed when rain picks up CO 2 as it falls through the atmosphere. Approximately 8 per cent of the earth’s land surface is karst terrain.

The English word karst was borrowed from German Karst in the late 19th century, [4] which entered German much earlier. Thus karren can be found on any soluble rock like limestone, dolomite or gypsum.

When solution of the surface forms a shallow furrow in this direction, water is flowing into the furrow and through it, deepening it more and more. Slovenia karsy the world’s highest risk of sinkholes, while the western Highland Rim in the eastern United States is at the second-highest risk of karst sinkholes.


Karren in karst landscape, Croatia, Northern Velebit National Park Stock Photo: – Alamy

Ford Updated by Erin James-abra. Retrieved June 5, This is a bowl, funnel or cylinder-shaped depression in the earth karrren feeds water underground. The development of karst occurs whenever acidic water starts to break down the surface of bedrock near its cracks, or bedding planes.

When this solution seeps into limestone bedrock via cracks and fissures, larger openings are created. Search The Canadian Encyclopedia.

Karren in karst landscape, Croatia, Northern Velebit National Park

Karst is a topography formed from the dissolution of soluble rocks such as limestonedolomiteand gypsum. Glossary of caving and speleology. Rivers which emerge from springs may produce karreb terraces, consisting of layers of calcite deposited over extended periods of time.

There are many large, spectacular examples in Wood Buffalo National Parkin the Franklin Mountains, and west of Great Bear Lake where limestones and dolomites have collapsed into cavities in gypsum. Despite this origin the term is used for form with this origin both subaerial and subsurface. Karst landform development is rather limited in Canada when compared to countries that have not undergone repeated glaciation.

Pseudokarsts are similar in form or appearance to karst features but are created by different mechanisms.

A turlough is a unique type of seasonal lake found in Irish karst areas which are karre through the annual welling-up of water from the underground water system. The Maligne River drains into it and floods it to a depth of 25 m during the summer melt season. Major karst forms have developed without interruption or destruction and include hundreds of sinkholes up to m deep, giant solution grooves intersecting to form a natural labyrinth, several poljes and dry canyons. Many other springs are known with peak discharges exceeding 10 m 3 per second.


Walter de Gruyter, p. Sometimes also secondary fissures are formed in a certain angle to the primary fissures.

Karst – Wikipedia

In other projects Wikimedia Commons. In the United States, sudden collapse of such a cavern-sinkhole swallowed part of the collection of the National Corvette Museum in Bowling Green, Kentucky in It is the world’s pre-eminent example of modern subglacial karst. By country By depth By length Prehistoric.

Karst formations are cavernous and therefore have high rates of permeability, resulting in reduced opportunity for contaminants to be filtered. Wood Buffalo photo by Raymond Giguere. Sulfuric acid then reacts with calcium carbonate, causing increased erosion within the limestone formation.

The most widespread surface karst landforms are small solution pits, grooves and runnels, collectively called karren. Once it hits the ground, it may pick up more CO 2 in the soil, turning into a weak carbonic acid solution.