This manual, the infamous KUBARK Counterintelligence Interrogation, dated July , is the source of much of the material in the second manual. KUBARK. Its purpose is to provide guidelines for KUBARK interrogation, and particularly the counterintelligence interrogation of resistant sources. This page report, classified Secret, was drafted in July as a comprehensive guide for training interrogators in the art of obtaining.

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MDR for Full Text of July 1963 “KUBARK Counterintelligence Interrogation” Manual

Agents, for example, are accustomed to being questioned repeatedly and professionally. The threat to inflict pain, for example, can trigger fears more damaging than the immediate sensation of pain. This work is of sufficient importance and relevance that it is no longer possible to discuss interrogation significantly without reference to the psychological research conducted in the past decade.

Clothes counterinetlligence also be taken simply to alienate the detainee and make him or her less comfortable.

A seems to be pretty angry with you — feels that you got him into this jam. The end of an interrogation is not the end of the interrogator’s responsibilities. The old adage that anticipation is worse than the experience appears to counteritnelligence have a basis in the shadowy field of torture.

The interrogator also chooses the emotional key or keys in which the interrogation or any part of it will be played. Because pulling information from a recalcitrant subject is the hard way of doing business, interrogation should not begin until all pertinent facts available from overt and from cooperative sources have been assembled. Within a short time most people who have begun talking about themselves go back to early experiences, so that merely by listening and occasionally making a quiet, encouraging remark the screener can learn a great deal.

He may tend to curtail or drop the usual inquiries about the subject’s well-being with which he opened earlier sessions.

Meerlo, for example, says that every verbal relationship repeats to some degree the pattern of early verbal relationships between child and parent. It consists of no more than obtaining needed information through responses to questions. The term non-coercive is used above to denote methods of interrogation that are not based upon the coercion of an unwilling subject through the employment of superior force originating outside himself.



But no one of them is persistently dominant; the average man’s qualities of obstinacy, unrealistic optimism, anxiety, and the rest are not overriding or imperious except for relatively short intervals. He is sometimes the youngest member of a large family, the child of a middle-aged woman a so-called “change-of-life baby”. He also tries, characteristically, to keep open a line of escape by avoiding any real commitment to anything. He is trying to do two seemingly contradictory things at once: This site uses Akismet to reduce spam.

An estimate of whether the interrogatee will be cooperative or recalcitrant is essential to planning because very different methods are used in dealing with these two types.

U.S. Army and CIA interrogation manuals – Wikipedia

The causes counterintelligehce most guilt complexes are real or fancied wrongs done to parents or others whom the subject felt he ought to love and honor. At other times the probability of resistance is established without screening: For more information go to: Typically he has a long history of being promising and of almost completing a significant assignment or achievement but not bringing it off. Any interrogatee has his ups and downs, times when he is tired or half-ill, times when his personal problems have left his nerves frayed.

The intelligence service which counteringelligence able to bring pertinent, modern knowledge to bear upon its problems enjoys huge advantages over a service which conducts its clandestine business in eighteenth century fashion. It’s a little bit down on that page, and don’t be surprised that every footer and header has secret crossed out, and that p I didn’t find this particularly informative or interesting.

People who have had practical training in being interrogated become sophisticated subjects, able to spot uncertainty, obvious tricks, and other weaknesses. Persons with intense guilt feelings may cease resistance and cooperate if punished in some way, because of the gratification induced by punishment.

Before inrerrogation starts, the interrogator has clearly in mind what he wants to learn, why he thinks the source has the information, how important interrogtaion is, and how it can best be obtained. Every experienced interrogator has noted that if an interrogatee is withholding, his anxiety increases as the questioning nears the mark. The long-range purpose of CI interrogation is to get from the source all the useful counterintelligence information that he has. It is caused by a traumatic or sub-traumatic experience which explodes, as it were, the world that is familiar to the subject as well as his image of himself within that world.


Any counterinteoligence to a group or country will be undependable and, as a rule, transitory. Human beings communicate a great deal interrogatiln non-verbal means.

Click here to go to the current weekly digest or pick another article:. When interrogated, the exceptions are likely to make demands for money, resettlement aid, and other favors — demands that are completely out of proportion to the value of their contributions.

MDR for Full Text of July “KUBARK Counterintelligence Interrogation” Manual • MuckRock

That is, he should not be pleased, flattered, frustrated, goaded, or otherwise emotionally and personally affected by the interrogation. Obviously, many resistant subjects of counterintelligence interrogation cannot be brought to cooperation, or even to compliance, merely through pressures which they generate within themselves or through the unreinforced effect of the interrogation situation.

The interrogator who is dealing with an orderly-obstinate character should avoid the role of hostile authority. Even though the interrogator now has the screening product, the rough classification by type, he needs to understand the subject in his own terms. He has merely learned how to proceed indirectly if necessary. The walk-in may be asked to identify all relatives and friends in the area, or even the country, in which PBPRIME asylum is first requested.

CIA, KUBARK Counterintelligence Interrogation Manual

Such comments as, “That must have been a bad time for you and interrogatiln family,” or “Yes, I can see why you were angry,” or “It sounds exciting” are sufficiently innocuous not to distract the subject, yet provide adequate evidence of sympathetic interest.

Though it is not the only U. His voice grows louder and angrier. Kubagk facial expression should not reveal special interest in any one statement; he should just seem sympathetic and understanding. Even a rough preliminary estimate, if valid, can be a boon to the interrogator because it will permit him to start with generally sound tactics from the beginning – tactics adapted to the personality of the source.

But if resistance is strong, a new topic should be introduced, and detailed questioning reserved for cpunterintelligence third stage.